leaders that lose their reputation in their late years
Recently, Sarkozy's corruption case shook French politics. In fact, leaders in many countries and regions have been in office for a long time, but have been investigated, tried or sentenced after stepping down or stepping down. During their term of office or abuse of power, or corruption, or election fraud, or Naoto Kan, after leaving office, the lawsuit, or even in prison.
Many national and regional leaders enjoy immunity from prosecution during their tenure, but when they lose their protective clothing, crimes committed are inevitably investigated by the judiciary. The main reason why many leaders lose their reputation is that corruption is investigated.
Nicolas Sarkozy, ex-French president
After 15 hours of questioning by detectives, former French president Nicolas Sarkozy was charged with corruption and "influence-peddling" on Wednesday. It is the first time a former French head of state has been held in police custody. He is accused of trying to bribe a judge with promises of a plum job in the Monaco judiciary in exchange for information on an investigation into funding irregularities in his 2007 election campaign. The former president maintains all accusations against him are false and politically motivated. The probe is one of six legal cases involving Sarkozy either directly or indirectly. If he is found guilty of influence peddling he faces up to 5 years in prison, while corrupting officials can trigger a sentence of up to 10 years.
Chen Shui-bian, former "president" of Taiwan, China
On November 22, 2008, Taipei's district court ordered the former Taiwan leader's detention for suspected corruption, bribery, forgery, and money laundering after Chen stepped down. In 2009, Chen received a life sentence and was fined NT$200m. Chen Shui-bian is the first former "president" of Taiwan to receive a prison sentence. On June 11, 2010, the Taiwan "High Court" decided to reduce Chen's life sentence to 20 years. Chen is currently serving his time at Taichung Prison's Pei Teh Hospital.
Yulia Tymoshenko, Ukraine's former prime minister
Yulia Tymoshenko was the first woman to the prime minister of Ukraine. Tymoshenko finished 2nd in the Ukrainian presidential election of 2010 runoff with Viktor Yanukovych winning by 3.5%. After the election, a number of criminal cases were brought against her. On October 11, 2011, she was convicted of embezzlement and abuse of power, and sentenced to 7 years in prison and ordered to pay the state $188m.
Tymoshenko was re-arrested (while in prison) on December 8, 2011, after a Ukrainian court ordered her indefinite arrest as part of the investigation into alleged tax evasion and theft of government funds (between 1996 and 2000) by United Energy Systems of Ukraine. Tymoshenko was freed from custody in February 2014 after Viktor Yanukovych's fall from power.
（As the saying goes, a knife is on the head of the color word. Many politicians have lost their political lives because of sex scandals, and some have even stepped down.）
Bill Clinton, former president of the US
It is impossible to talk about heads of state involved in sex scandals without mentioning former US president Bill Clinton. In August 1998, Clinton admitted to having had an "inappropriate relationship" with Monica Lewinsky while she worked as an intern at the White House in 1995 and 1996. The affair and its repercussions, which included the impeachment of Clinton, became known as the Lewinsky Scandal. Bill Clinton is by far the most admired US president of the past 25 years, a new poll shows, underscoring how much he has done to burnish his profile since leaving the White House in 2000.
Moshe Katsav, ex-president of Israel
Katsav reportedly is the only head of state who was sentenced to prison for rape and sexual harassment. The end of his presidency was full of dramas. In July 2006, Katsav went to Israel's Attorney General at the time, Menahem Mazuz, and claimed that a female employee was blackmailing him. The investigation quickly turned against Katsav as the employee alleged sexual offences. Another 10 women also accused Katsav of sexually harassment while in his employ. Katsav resigned from the presidency in disgrace in 2007, two weeks before the end of his 7-year term, to a chorus of public criticism over a deal he had reached with state prosecutors. In a dramatic courtroom twist in April 2008, Katsav backed out of the deal with prosecutors and vowed he would prove his innocence in court. He was convicted of two counts of rape, sexual harrassment, obstruction of justice and other charges and sentenced to 7 years in prison in March 2011.
Silvio Berlusconi, former prime minister of Italy
Over the course of his long business and political career, Berlusconi has been accused of numerous criminal acts. These include colluding with the Mafia, false accounting practices, tax fraud, bribing police officers and judges, drug trafficking and embezzlement. In addition, Berlusconi has had a long history of sex scandals and accusations of impropriety, including having sex with an underage prostitute, harassing policewomen, and "bunga-bunga" sex parties.
A case against Berlusconi that's still ongoing concerns a Moroccan nightclub dancer. Allegedly, Berlusconi paid the dancer for sexual services when she was a minor. In June 2013, Berlusconi was sentenced to 7 years in jail and banned from public office for life. In January 2014, Silvio Berlusconi deposited an appeal against the judgment. The sentence will be published on 18 July 2014.
Petr Necas, former prime minister of the Czech Republic
Necas, once nicknamed "Mr Clean" for his anti-corruption campaigning, resigned on June 17, 2013 after his chief of staff and mistress, Jana Nagyova, was charged with corruption and abuse of power. Nagyova was among 8 high-ranking civil servants and politicians arrested in a spectacular police raid and the corruption scandal left the Czech Republic in political chaos. Necas and Nagyova were married in a secret ceremony in September after he divorced in August 2013. Necas has admitted that it was wrong of him to mix a profession relationship with a private one, but said "the heart had won out over the head."
There are also leaders of countries and regions who flout human rights, whose hands are stained with the blood of innocent people and who are eventually sanctioned by law.
Muhammad Hosni Mubarak, former president of Egypt
Mubarak's presidency lasted almost 30 years, from 1981 to 2011, making him Egypt's longest-serving ruler since Muhammad Ali Pasha. He rose from being the son of a farmer to be a talented military commander and national hero, before becoming an enemy of the people. Mubarak stepped down ungracefully after 18 days of demonstrations in 2011.
Mubarak was ordered to stand trial in May 2011 for the premeditated murder of peaceful protesters during the mass protests. Mubarak was sentenced to life imprisonment after being convicted. An appeals court overturned Mubarak's sentence and ordered a retrial in January 2013. On August 20, 2013, an Egyptian court ordered Mubarak's release. A day later, interim prime minister Hazem el-Beblawi ordered that Mubarak be put under house arrest. Mubarak is currently awaiting his retrial.
Alberto Fujimori, former president of Peru
Holding dual Peruvian and Japanese citizenship, Fujimori fled to Japan in 2000 amid a corruption scandal. Wanted in Peru on charges of corruption and human rights abuses, Fujimori had been living in Japan until arrested during a visit to Chile in 2005. He was extradited to face criminal charges in Peru in 2007. On April 7, 2009, Alberto Fujimori was found guilty of murder, kidnapping and battery, as well as crimes against humanity and sentenced to 25 years in prison - the maximum penalty allowed by Peruvian law.
Jean Kambanda, former prime minister of Rwanda
Kambanda as Rwandan prime minister participated one of the worst crimes against humanity: the 1994 Rwandan genocide. The massacre took more than 800,000 lives, mostly from the Tutsi minority population. Kambanda was arrested in Nairobi on July 18, 1997, 3 years after the genocide happened. He was sentenced to life imprisonment on charges of genocide and crimes against humanity.